As fast as the internet has embedded into our lives and has become a part of almost everything in the modern world it is not a surprise at all to see that the possibility of VoIP substituting our traditional phone systems is being talked about. A simple VoIP system works on the principal of hosting calls over an internet protocol which are usually free between the hosts. The system does this by converting the voice signals from speech into digital data and then transmits it over a broadband connection. As a result the international calls have become rather cheap.
Now many people might still be using their traditional phone systems for nationwide or local calls but the cost effectiveness of VoIP for international calls is very high and its being used by a lot of people and even business entities. The transition has of course been motivated by the cost benefits as well as the convenience of added features like video calling. However, the VoIP sometimes may cause abrupt disconnection due to any kind of issue in the server. Therefore, it raises a doubt in its possibility in taking over the traditional phone system.
VoIP, like any other technology comes with its fair share of Pros and Cons but Pros. Even though the Pros outweigh the cons but the imbalance between the two is still not convincing enough to write traditional phone lines off. The Cons include the availability of the service to the masses. Being a member of an urban society it might seem a little naive to even think that who could possibly not have a broadband connection in this era? And this might be even true for the urban areas. However, unfortunately the rural areas still lack this facility. And even if they do have a broadband service its usually not up to the mark and can therefore significantly affect the functioning of a VoIP system. The problem doesn’t end here. The reliability of internet connection also remains dubious even in the urban areas sometimes because the servers often have to go down for maintenance. These kinds of situations can seriously hamper the communication.
Pros of VoIP are rather convincing as well. A major role has been played by services like Viber, skype, blackberry messenger and google voice in making VoIP a serious contender in this contest. With smartphones the availability of these apps has drastically been increased and almost every individual who owns a smartphone has access to these services. Other than this, an effort was made by an entrepreneur in 2007 in the US to help people switch from the traditional landline by introducing a product called as magicjack that worked on the VoIP based system. The effort was quite successful and many people switched. VoIP connections have proved to be rather fruitful for many people and some might have even switched but the complaints of voice clarity are still there.
Over a period of next decade, its quite possible that the VoIP will substitute traditional phone systems for good. However for that, the problems that are present at the moment will need to be addressed properly.
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